Industrial production is mainly concentrated at few large
industrial enterprises. In 2002 the volume of industrial
output grew by 8.2%, if compared to 2001. Industrial output
included the following components: metallurgy (49%), food
industry (18.1%), fuel and energy (6%),, milling, grains
and feed stuffs (5.8%), industrial construction materials
(1.1%), chemical and petrochemical industry (0/9%), machine
building and metal processing (0/8%). In 2002 the most rapid
growth was observed in industrial construction materials
(36.5%), machine building and metal processing (27.1%) and
light industry (24.8%).
is rich in various natural resources, including such precious
and semiprecious stones, as marble, precious spinel, clinohumite,
lazurite, ruby, corundum, sapphire, garnet, rubellite, topaz,
morion, polychrome, tourmalin, hambergite, scaploite, turquoise,
etc. Many of them are classified as jewelry or collection
items. With the view to develop this sector the Government
drafted and adopted a development program with regard to
production and processing of precious and semiprecious stones
from 2001 to 2005, the program identified large deposits
that should be given a priority development with the use
of foreign investment. Moreover, the Government developed
a development program with the regard to processing of precious
and semiprecious stones from 2002 to 2010.
The country has sufficient reserves of raw materials for
metallurgical, chemical, construction and other sectors.
Large silver, gold, iron ore, lead, antimony, coal, sodium
chloride, precious stones have been discovered in the country.
Lead and zinc, cooper and molybdenum, gold, mercury and
antimony and fluorite ore’ processing plants are available
in the country. Production of processing plants is expected-oriented
and enjoys stable demand in the global markets. Further
investments is required to develop new deposits, introduce
new processing technologies, increase volume of production
and processing of coal and various ores, construction of
metallurgical plants for processing of concentrates and
extraction of rare earths and scattered elements.
Light industry currently encompasses over 100 companies
and entities of various form of ownership, including Tajik-Kabol
Textiles (Tajik-Korean join venture), Abreshim and Javoni
(Tajik-Italian join venture), Rishta (Tajik-Chinese join
venture), VT silk and VT Rohi Abreshim (Tajik-Vietnamese
join venture). Production is currently exported to 18 countries,
including Italy, South Korea, Vietnam, China, Russia, Germany,
Switzerland, India and Uzbekistan. Companies operating in
light industry are interested to establish and develop long-term
cooperation in trade, production and advanced technologies.
There is also a good potential for implementing join projects
in the area of processing of such abundant primary commodities,
as cotton fiber, silk cocoons, leather, and wool.
industry encompasses 34 companies, 55 agriculture entities,
18 small and 12 other businesses in such areas as fat and
oil production, which includes companies engaged in processing
of cotton seeds, packing and canning production of fruit
and vegetables cans; nonalcoholic beverages – production
of mineral water and soft drinks; salt industry- mining
and production of table salt: and confectionary –
wide range of products. Obi Zulol Tajik US joint venture
is quite successful in production of mineral water, Dushanbe
Tobacco Company – in production of cigarettes, TetraPak
joint Venture- in production of juices. There are further
opportunities for implementing joint projects in processing
of fruit and vegetables, production of dried fruits, vegetables
oils, as well as fruit juices.
industry was developed on the basis of available natural
reserves, cheap power energy and abundance of water recourses.
Tajikistan has unique reserves of salt concentrated in Hoja
Mumin and Tut Bulat deposits, limestone in Pushur, boron
in Ak Arhar, phosphorites and many others. The country has
various several plants for processing of chloride-bearing
products and disinfectants, ammonia and nitrogen fertilizers.
Various household chemical goods, paintworks and explosive
are produced in the country. The further development is
envisaged with regard to production of synthetic hydrochloric
acid, solid caustic soda, coagulant fro water purification,
complex consists of approximately 100 enterprises and accounts
for 7.4% of industrial output. Current facilities allow
manufacturing a wide range of production, including precision
machines, individual parts and components and mounted spare
of agriculture equipment, and pipeline fittings. The Government
gives priority to development of assembly of tractors, vehicles
and passengers buses and various consumer electronics. Moreover,
several enterprises have been restructured to manufacture
goods from local raw material.
and electrical manufacturing industries
is famous for its huge hydropower resources, which are estimated
at the level of 527 billions kWt-h. However, only 3% of
this potential is being used. There was lack of foreign
investment in electronic power and gas coal production for
the few years. Existing energy stations use only 50-8% of
their capacity. Approximately 50% of equipment distribution
networks and substation require rehabilitation. There are
several hydropower plants (HPP). Nurek HPP is the largest
one. Over the past years, energy generation, subject to
annual water accumulation, is about 15.5 billion kWt-h.
Investments in existing power facilities such as Nurek.
Kairakum and Baipaza HPPs and small HPPa will allow raising
generation capacity to additional 3.0 billions kWt-h. Investment
of Sangtuda and Rogun HPPs construction is quite attractive
for investors. General capacity of these HPPs is at the
level of 2.7 and 13.1 billion kWt-h, respectively. Energy
production at these HPPs id the cheapest in comparison with
all power generating in Central Asian region. There are
also 30 existing and 50 new SHPPs which require further
investments. Limited possibilities on use alternative energy
sources and low tariff on electric power encourage the use
of electric power. In the period of economic recession the
consumption of electrical power increased by 85 %. Barki
Tojik is the national monopoly that controls the energy
sector. The Government takes measures for the improvement
of energy sector.
Tajikgas is supplier of natural gas to population and businesses.
The company has set equal tariffs for all categories of
consumers with the view to cover its expenses through improved
payment collection. The Government has established the Ministry
of energy to manage legal and regulatory relations within
the energy sector. The country has some large oil, gas and
coal deposits which are offered for further development.
Further development of oil and gas sector is a very attractive
area for investment, since 96% o natural gas and 100% of
oil deposits are imported to Tajikistan from neighboring
countries. At present, Rengan deposit, located in 35 km
from Dushanbe, and Sargason deposit in Dangara, are proposed
for foreign investors. Probable reserve of natural gas in
these deposits amount to 30-50 and 100 billion m3, respectively.
manufacturing industry produces transformers, low voltage
equipment, lighting equipment, cables, etc. Companies closely
cooperate with producers from CIS countries and have a significant
potential for further development.